This more of an executive brief...the type you write for government officials and bigwigs who don't have a lot of time in their hand. I have basically reduced an 87 pager into a two pager...
The Overall Goal of the Kenyan Green Economy Strategy and Implementation Plan (GESIP) is to ensure Green Economy aspects are mainstreamed(I dont really get this word...) into economic, resource and social development. It is premised on importance and value that comes with integrating green aspects into our macro and micro economic engagements through promotion of new markets, increasing resource efficiency, and balancing of systemic risks and threats. The plan has four inherently connected objectives that touch on strengthening the human and natural environment, they include; ensuring the country develops the needed infrastructural base for a low carbon development pathway, sustainable management of natural resources for food security, building resilience against the impacts of climate change and managing resources efficiently for them to contribute to development of the country.
The strategy makes a case for a green economy for both the global and local scene while carefully outlining its imperatives, including, but not limited to impacts of high population growth, traditional economic development patterns, unsustainable consumption patterns, and ineffective technology transfer. It looks at the Environmental, Economic and Social Opportunities that will exist if we chose the Green Economy model; these have been highlighted as increased savings, job creation, reduction of environmental damage, and enhanced social and gender equity. It also takes an analytic look at the existing national policy and strategic frameworks that can serve as a basis of a Kenyan Green Economy.
This plan does not shy away from highlighting the barriers that the plan will face, ranging from financial, technological to regulatory. They include:
1. Regulatory framework is not currently designed to attract green investments.
2. Few standards for green technologies, goods or services
3. Economic policy framework in Kenya needs to account for the intrinsic value of its natural resources.
4. lack of knowledge regarding the costs and performance characteristics of available green technologies
5. Need for increased funding to effect the transition to a green economy
The strategy pays special recognition to the building blocks of a green growth strategy identified earlier on to include Creation with Less Resources & Less Pollution, harnessing Renewable Energy sources and reducing Fossil Fuel use, and investing in Natural Capital & Ecosystem Services. These building blocks played a major role in the development of the four Major Focus Areas( herein reffered to as pillars) of the GESIP which form the main body of the plan; these four pillars are critically analyzed with a special focus on the current policy framework relevant to them as well as outlining future actions plans of the country.
sustainable infrastructure development:
Key sectors being looked at under this pillar include Energy which has a National Energy Policy 2012, the Feed-in-Tariffs (FiT) policy for wind, biomass, small hydro, geothermal, biogas and solar; Transport sector that has the Roads 2000 programme; Building and manufacturing; water/ sanitation/irrigation which has National Water Services Strategy (2007-2015), National Irrigation Policy and Legal Framework-under development and public health.
Natural resource management
The GESIP identifies key sectors here as agriculture, forestry, water resource management, fisheries, land use, fossil fuel extraction and mining. It also suggests several measures that would be essential in the green economy scenario, these include; promotion of Agro-forestry, sustainable water management, education and capacity building, addressing livestock scenario in the ASAls and investing and promotion of Research and Development.
Building resilience to climate change
It has looked at three key components of resilience building; Human capital, Gender Equity (National Gender and Development Policy), Disaster Risk Management (National Policy for Disaster Management), Education and Ecosystems Management.
Promoting resource efficiency-
This is mainly about avoiding waste and maximizing the benefits of resources. Key sectors include Manufacturing and Industry-National Industrialization Policy Framework (2012-2030), Agriculture -Agricultural Sector Coordination Unit (ASCU), The Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS) 2010-2020, mining (Mining and Mineral Policy) tourism and buildings-National Urban Development Policy (NUDP)
The document also outlines an implementation plan whose main components have been identified as mainstreaming green economy principles in government decision making process and actions, strengthening enabling conditions through fiscal instruments, regulations and standards, strong and well coordinated institutional mechanisms, innovative financing approaches and promoting buy-in from all relevant stakeholders.